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D. Pattern and causation described in the next lecture.
B. Suriving mammals were all insectivores, smally animal carnivores, or omnivores.
C. Mammals quickly evolved into a large variety of forms - some quite large.
D. Some birds became very large and flightless - Diatryma. Perhaps a return to the large dinosaur niche.
E. By end of Paleogene all major groups of mammals well established.
F. Some mmmals attained saurpod dimensions (e. g. Indricitherium).
G. Paleogene warment time in Cenozoic, parts probably warmer than Cretaceous.
B. Herbivores follow with specialized grazing adaptations.
C. Possible implications for climate, which headed into Ice House conditions,
where we remain today (for now).
D. Final separation of continents leads to evolutionary divergence on island continents and much parallel evolution of body forms in marsupial and placental mammals.
V. Current Crises
B. Biodiversity Crisis
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